St John's Church, Stratford, E15
St John's Church, Stratford, London E15

 What Was Happening ?

At St John's
In & Around Stratford
In The Church
In The World

John Merrin becomes vicar of St John's.

The 'Church Institute', the old Working Men's Club building, in Romford Road purchased.
'Forest Gate Sick Home' opened in the old 'Forest Gate Industrial School' in Forest Lane.
Suffragettes hold demonstrations in London.

Mahatma Gandhi is arrested.

Woodrow Wilson is elected president in the U. S.

There are several wars in the Balkans between the Bulgarians and Turkey; then between Bulgaria, Serbia and Greece, then Russia declares war on Bulgaria, then Serbia invades Albania.

Curates at St John's are Rev. William Charles Bown (also priest in charge of St Stephens Church), Rev. William Josiah Joyce & Rev. Percy Robert Hatfield Back.
Services are at 8am, 11am & 6:30pm on Sundays and 8pm on Wednesdays. Services are also held at St Stephens, Cedars Road, at 11am & 6:30pm on Sundays, at St John's Mission School Room, Chant Square, at 11am & 6:30pm on Sundays and 7:30pm on Wednesdays and at St Stephens Mission Room at 11am & 6:30pm on Sundays.
(Kelly's Directory of Essex 1914)
There are 32 churches and missions holding Sunday services in and around Stratford including Church of England, Catholic, Presbyterian, Baptist, Congregational, Primitive Methodist, Welsh Calvinist, Wesleyan Methodist & the Salvation Army.
(Kelly's Directory of Essex 1914)

Prisoner of War camp opened in Carpenters Road

East Ham becomes County Borough.
The London over the Border Church Fund is inaugurated, successor to the special funds for the needs of metropolitan Essex set up from the 1860s onwards.

The new diocese of Chelmsford; conterminous with the ancient county of Essex, is established with John Edwin Watts-Ditchfield as the first Bishop.
Archduke Francis Ferdinand of Austria-Hungary is assassinated, starting World War I.

Germany declares war on Russia and France, and invades Belgium.
Britain declares war on Germany.
Austria declares war on Russia.
Serbia declares war on Germany.
Britain and France declare war on Austria.
Austria declares war on Belgium.
Britain, Russia and France declare war on Turkey.
And then the hostilities begin in one of the bloodiest conflicts in history.

Mahatma Gandhi returns to India.

U.S. troops occupy Vera Cruz, Mexico.

St John's Vicarage in West Ham Lane sold to the 'West Ham and Eastern General Hospital' for use as a nurses home.
Herbert Henry Asquith (Liberal) becomes Prime Minister.

Poison gas is used in battle for the first time by the Germans in the Second Battle of Ypres.

The 'Lusitania' is sunk by a German submarine moves America toward entry into the war.

Italy declares war on Austria and Hungary.

Organized resistance to British rule in India begins under Gandhi.

St Agatha's Womens Refuge moves to 98 Romford Road, Stratford.
Zeppelin raids are conducted on Paris.

The Germans begin the Battle of Verdun.

The British fleet fights the German fleet in the Battle of Jutland.

Germany declares war on Portugal.

Food rationing begins in Germany.

Daylight-savings time ('British Summer Time') is introduced in Britain.

David Lloyd George (Liberal) becomes Prime Minister

Tanks are used in battle for the first time by the British in the Battle of the Somme in Northern France.

The allies lost 600,000 soldiers between July and November, advancing only 20 miles.

New, brick built, building for St Stephen Mission Church, Cedars Road, opened
Jan 19th - A fire starts at The Brunner Mond Chemical Factory in Silvertown, which was manufacturing explosives for the war, and within seven minutes the entire building is destroyed in a massive explosion, leaving a twenty foot deep crater where the building had stood. Almost everything within 400 yards was flattened, mainly houses of the workers, the rain of debris spread even further, the concussion from the blast was felt in King's Lynn, 87 miles away. Over 500 people were injured, maimed or killed.

The 'West Ham and Eastern General Hospital' gains a Royal Charter and becomes 'Queen Mary's Hospital for the East End'
The Germans begin all out submarine warfare.

America declares war on Germany.

Germany stops the Allies in the third Battle of Ypres.

Bolsheviks seize power in Russia. Russia signs an armistice with Germany.

The royal family changes their name. They opt for the very British sounding 'Windsor' and abandon 'Saxe-Coburg-Gotha'.

The Balfour Declaration states the British governments support for a Jewish homeland in Palestine.

Flu epidemic - 1,500 killed in East and West Ham.

General Election:
Sir John Henry Bethell (later Baron Bethell), Liberal, East Ham North.
Allen Clement Edwards, Coalition National Democratic, East Ham South.
William Thorne, Labour, Plaistow.
John Joseph Jones, National Socialist, Silvertown.
Leonard Lyle, Coalition Conservative, Stratford West Ham.
Sir Ernest Edward Wild, Coalition Conservative, Upton.
Russia signs the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk.

Germany launches an offensive along the Somme.

The 'Red Baron', Baron Manfred von Richthofen, shot down & killed by an R.A.F. fighter.

France begins the second battle of the Marne.

British troops break the line at Amiens.

The Allies begin the final offensive on the western front.

Czechoslovakia is proclaimed a republic.

Germany signs the armistice. World War 1 comes to an end.

Arab forces with T. E. 'Lawrence of Arabia' capture Damascus from the Turks.

Food rationing introduced.

The Representation of the People Act 1918 gives the vote to all men over 21 & women over 30.

Treaty of Versailles is signed officially ending World War I; Germany to pay war damages. Germany adopts Weimar Constitution, adopting democratic government.

Sinn Fein Party declares Ireland's independence from Britain. Fighting breaks out between Irish Nationalists and British.

Separate Parliaments are created for Northern and Southern Ireland by Government of Ireland Act carried through British Parliament.

The Panama Canal opens.

The League of Nations is established.

Prohibition arrives in America, the era of the bootlegger begins.

Population of West Ham 300,860.

King George V Dock opened.
London's first motor cycle police went on patrol.

Last recorded burial at St. John's
General Election:
Charles Williamson Crook, Conservative, East Ham North.
Alfred John Barnes, Labour Co-operative, East Ham South.
William Thorne, Labour, Plaistow.
John Joseph Jones, Labour, Silvertown.
Thomas Groves, Labour, Stratford West Ham.
David Margesson, Conservative, Upton.
The centuries-old Archdeaconry of Essex is divided into two, 'West Ham' and 'Southend'.
Andrew Bonar Law (Conservative) becomes Prime Minister.

Court of International Justice holds its first meeting in the Hague, Holland.

Egypt is declared independent, ending British seven-year protectorate.

Mussolini marches on Rome, forms a Fascist government and becomes dictator.

The U.S.S.R. is formed.

Gandhi is sentenced to prison for civil disobedience.

George Cadbury, chocolate maker, dies.

The first woman is called to the English Bar, Dr. Ivy Williams.

Reginald Brackstone Bertin becomes vicar of Christchurch.

General Election:
Arabella Susan Lawrence, Labour, East Ham North.
Alfred John Barnes, Labour Co-operative, East Ham South.
William Thorne, Labour, Plaistow.
John Joseph Jones, Labour.
Thomas Groves, Labour, Stratford West Ham.
Benjamin Walter Gardiner, Labour, Upton.
Stanley Baldwin (Conservative) becomes Prime Minister

Mustafa Kemal establishes the Republic of Turkey.

Oklahoma declares martial law to protect citizens against attacks by Ku Klux Klan.

New York's first birth control clinic opens.

Paavo Nurmi runs a mile in four-minutes 10.4 seconds.

Lagache and Leonard win the first 24 hours Le Mans race at an average speed of 57.2 mph

The electric razor is patented by Col. Jacob Schick.

General Election:
Charles Williamson Crook, Labour, East Ham North.
Alfred John Barnes, Labour Co-operative, East Ham South.
William Thorne, Labour, Plaistow.
John Joseph Jones, Labour.
Thomas Groves, Labour, Stratford West Ham.
Herbert Paton Holt, Labour, Conservative.
First Christian radio broadcasts
Labour Party officially formed.

Ramsay MacDonald (Labour) becomes Prime Minister.

Stanley Baldwin (Conservative) becomes Prime Minister

Eric Liddel refuses to run the heats of the 100 meter at the Paris Olympics due to their being held on a Sunday.

Lenin, father of the Bolshevik Revolution of 1917, dies in Russia.

Calvin Coolidge is elected president of the United States.

Unemployment Insurance Act is carried in Parliament.

Cyprus becomes a Crown Colony.

Hindenberg is elected German president.

Hitler reorganizes the Nazi Party and publishes the first volume of 'Mein Kampf.'

Sun Yat-sen dies in China.

R A Millikan discovers cosmic rays in the upper atmosphere.

Stratford Brewery, Maryland, closed and land sold off SEAX

East Ham North by-election: Arabella Susan Lawrence, Labour, elected.
General Strike

Hirohito succeeds as Emperor of Japan.

Germany is admitted to the League of Nations.

The first liquid fuel rocket is fired by Robert Goddard.

Gertrude Ederle, from New York, becomes the first woman to swim the English Channel. She did it in 14 hours 31 minutes, almost two hours faster than the men's record holder.

Reginald Wragge-Morley becomes vicar of St John's

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