St John's Church, Stratford, E15
St John's Church, Stratford, London E15

 What Was Happening ?

At St John's
In & Around Stratford
In The Church
In The World

William Holloway becomes Perpetual Curate of St John's.

St Johns broken into and robbed The Proceedings Of The Old Bailey - External Link -
Population of West Ham: 34,305
Population of Stratford: 10,586

Chapel Street Ragged School opens.
The Census includes a unique Ecclesiastical Census.
West Ham has 36 Churches:
16 Church of England,
9 Independents,
4 Wesleyan Methodists,
2 Baptists,
2 Roman Catholic,
1 Society of Friends,
1 Primitive Methodists,
1 Wesleyan Association.
A total of 14,788 people attended church on Sunday March 30.
Census of the UK taken, March 30th

The Great Exhibition

Stratford Marsh, or Stratford-in-the-Marsh, becomes a separate parish from Stratford. Parish church is Christchurch, corner of Union Street and High Street. Edward Cridge (external link), curate at All Saints, West Ham, is appointed vicar.

The Parish of Forest Gate formed, Parish church is Emmanuel, corner of Upton Lane and Romford Road.
Cholera epidemic sweeps Britain

Edward Smith-Stanley, 14th Earl of Derby, (Conservative) becomes Prime Minister

George Hamilton-Gordon, 4th Earl of Aberdeen, (Peelite) becomes Prime Minister

Nina Frances Layard, poetess, prehistorian, archaeologist and antiquary, born in Stratford.
Franklin Pierce is elected president of the United States.

Edward Cridge leaves Christchurch to become chaplain of the Hudson's Bay Co in Canada. James Stopford Ram becomes vicar.

The Central Baptist Church, The Grove, opened

Forest Lane Industrial School opened by the Whitechapel Board of Guardians
Start of the Crimean War

Commodore Mathew Perry visits Japan, opening the island to trade with the U.S., ending its isolation from the world.

'copper lightning conductor' stolen from off the church. The Proceedings Of The Old Bailey - External Link -
Channelsea School opens, administered by the Vicar of Christ Church.

Royal Victoria Dock opened.
Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston, (Whig) becomes Prime Minister

London Metropolitan Board of Works created.

West Ham constituted a local government area and Local Board of Health established.
End of Crimean War

Louis Pasteur invents pasteurisation

John Snow reports on an outbreak of Cholera at Abbey Row (external link), due to a contaminated well pump, which lays low one-fifth of the population of the area and kills 6 people.
The work of the Plaistow and Victoria Dock Mission gets a mention in Charles Dickens' 'Household Words', in September and the name 'London over the Border' is coined.
The Indian Mutiny erupted in Meerut in reaction to the increased pace of Westernisation in India and a military crackdown on Indian troops by their British officers.

James Buchanan is elected president of the United States.

The Matrimonial Causes Act created divorce courts and made it easier to obtain a divorce.

The Stratford Times, West Ham's first paper, founded

J M Kennedy becomes vicar of Christchurch.

London Postal Districts first introduced.
India Bill transfers the administration of India from the East India Company to the Crown

Edward Smith-Stanley, 14th Earl of Derby, (Conservative) becomes Prime Minister

Principal Probate Registry began handling all English and Welsh probates.

Maryland Road Mission opened

The Grand Lodge of Freemasons in England become aware of an 'irregular' lodge, the 'Equality Lodge', meeting at the King of Prussia in Stratford and warn all masons to have nothing to do with them. This lodge has probably been meeting since at least 1850. (Fringe Masonry in England 1870-85, Ellic Howe, 1972)
Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston, (Liberal) becomes Prime Minister

Creation of the Liberal Party

H.M.S. Warrior - first British 'Iron-Clad' launched from Thames Ironworks
Louis Pasteur discovers the principles of the process of heating foods to kill microorganisms. It is called pasteurisation in his honour.

John Strickland becomes vicar of Christchurch.

'West Ham Dispensary' opens in Romford Road.

Gurney Memorial built

Stratford Co-operative and Industrial Society founded.

Population of Stratford: 15,994
Census of the UK taken, April 7th

Beginning of the American Civil War

Elisha Otis patents elevator safety brakes, creating a safer elevator

Linus Yale invents the Yale lock or cylinder lock

Stratford Co-op open their first shop in Maryland Street.

Savill Bros. Stratford Brewery, Maryland Road, opened.
Westminster Bridge opened in London.

Metropolitan Northern Outfall sewer constructed (completed 1865).
The Bishop of London's Fund established - the first of a succession of funds to assist in the problems of 'London over the Border'.
The Metropolitan Railway, London's first underground line, opened between Bishop's Road, Paddington and Farringdon Street.

William Holloway Dies.

George Stopford Ram becomes Perpetual Curate of St John's
James Wray Carter becomes vicar of Christchurch.

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