St John's Church, Stratford, E15
St John's Church, Stratford, London E15


 Year
 What Was Happening ?

 
At St John's
In & Around Stratford
In The Church
In The World

1110
 
Queen Matilda, wife of Henry I, reputedly took a tumble at the ford over the River Lee on her way to Barking Abbey, and ordered a bridge and causeway to be built. The first Bow Bridge. Bow took it's name from this distinctively bow-shaped, three-arched bridge and became known as Stratford-at-Bow to distinguish it from Stratford Langthorne on the Essex side of the river.
 
Henry I becomes King of England

1135
 
Stratford Langthorne Abbey founded by William de Montfichet for brethren of the Cistercian order, and dedicated to the Virgin Mary and All Saints.
Henry I died and Stephen became King of England

1253
 
Richard de Montfichet procures a charter for a market at West Ham. An annual fair of four days' duration was granted at the same time
The Domus Conversorum, a building and institution in London for Jews who had converted to Christianity, is established by King Henry III.
King Henry III meets with English nobles and church leaders to reaffirm the validity of the Magna Carta.

1264
 
King Henry III 'took up his abode at Stratford Abbey, while his army encamped about Ham' after marching through London British History Online (Stratford) - External Link -
 
The Second Barons' War begins.

1517
 
 
Luther posts his Ninety-Five Theses, seen as the beginnings of the Reformation.
Third severe epidemic of sweating sickness sweeps England killing half the population in some towns.

1529
 
 
At the Diet of Speyer, a group of rulers and independent cities protests the reinstatement of the Edict of Worms, beginning the Protestant movement.
The Turkish army under Suleiman the Magnificent is defeated at Vienna.

1533
 
 
Thomas Cranmer becomes Archbishop of Canterbury.

Henry VIII is excommunicated by Pope Clement VII, as is Archbishop Cranmer.
Ivan IV, also known as Ivan the Terrible, inherits the throne of Russia, he is three years old. He rules until his death in 1584.

1534
 
 
The Act of Supremacy finalizes the Church of England's break with the Catholic church. King Henry VIII is declared head of the church, and monasteries are suppressed.
Jacques Cartier is the first European to discover the St. Lawrence River.

1538
 
Stratford Langthorne Abbey dissolved.
 
 

1546
 
Reports of 'the Devill' seen flying over the Thames and, after being shot at, alighting at Stratford, where, despite disguising himself as a man, he was recognised by his cloven feet and set in the stocks. (William Fulke -
A Goodly Gallerye (1563)) - External Link -
John Marbeck publishes 'The Booke of Common Praier Noted', which provides the first music in English for the Anglican liturgy.
Martin Luther Died.

1556
 
23 Protestant men and women burnt alive at the stake for their religious views at 'Stratford the Bowe'.
Thomas Cranmer, archbishop of Canterbury, burned at the stake. Cardinal Reginald Pole Becomes Archbishop Of Canterbury
The Shaanxi Earthquake, the deadliest earthquake in history, occurs in China, up to 830,000 people are killed.

1563
 
 
Thirty-Nine Articles drafted as a doctrinal statement by a convocation of the Church of England.
John Foxe's 'Actes and Monuments of These Latter and Perillous Dayes' published in English. (Originally in Latin)

1611
 
 
King James Version of the Bible published.

George Abbot becomes Archbishop of Canterbury.
Johannes and David Fabricius discover sunspots.

1617
 
The king grants to the lord warden of Epping Forest the right to build and maintain a gaol at Stratford. It was on the site where St. Johns now stands.
 
Thomas Weelkes, composer and organist at Chichester Cathedral, is dismissed for being drunk and disorderly.

1648
 
Stratford was at the centre of a running battle between Royalists and Parliamentary forces. British History Online - External Link -
George Fox founds the Religious Society of Friends (Quakers)
The Treaties of Westphalia were signed, ending the Thirty Years' War.

1658
 
Richard Lee (external link), Great-great-great-grandfather of General Robert E. Lee (external link), acquires a residence in Stratford and names it 'Maryland Point', after his plantations in America, which he named 'Stratford House'.
 
Oliver Cromwell died and his Son, Richard, became Lord Protector of England

1734
 
Stratford and Hamfrith bought by John Tylney, styled Viscount Castlemaine, later Earl Tylney.
 
General election results in Robert Walpole winning his third victory as Prime Minister.

1749
 
Bow Porcelain factory opens in Stratford
 
The first official performance of Handel's Music for the Royal Fireworks finishes early due to the outbreak of fire.

1761
 
Mrs. Bonnell founds her School in Stratford
 
Two earthquakes in London break chimneys in Limehouse, Poplar, Hampstead and Highgate.

George III and Queen Charlotte are crowned.

1762
 
The number of houses in West Ham parish was stated in an official return to be 700, of which by far the larger proportion were entered as 'mansions'.
 
John Stuart, 3rd Earl of Bute, becomes Prime Minister

1780
 
Robert Raikes begins the first Sunday School.
The Gordon Riots in London.

1799
 
Freemason Lodge 210 'Lodge of True Friendship' is meeting every 3rd Tuesday at the Bird and Hand in Stratford. (Boyle's View of London, and its Environs; 1799)
Prime Minister William Pitt the Younger introduces income tax, at two shillings (10p) in the pound, to raise funds for the Napoleonic Wars.

1803
 
John Burton, hymn & religious writer, born in Stratford.
The Surrey Iron Railway, a wagonway between Wandsworth and Croydon, is opened, being the first public railway line in England.

1809
 
Hugh Chambres-Jones becomes vicar of West Ham, replacing Gerald Valerian Wellesley, brother of the Duke of Wellington.
Spencer Perceval becomes Prime Minister

Humphrey Davy invents the first electric light - the first arc lamp

1817
 
Elizabeth Fry organizes relief in Newgate Prison.

1825
 
A survey shows shops, houses, and a chapel on the site where St Johns was to be built.
The world's first modern railway, the Stockton and Darlington Railway, opens with engineer George Stephenson driving the first public train pulled by the steam engine Locomotion No 1.

1828
 
Hugh Chambres-Jones, vicar of West Ham, given a grant of £5,000 by 'His Majesty's Commissioners of Churches' towards building a chapel at Stratford.

Population of the Parish of West Ham is 9,753 (The Clerical Guide, Or Ecclesiastical Directory (3rd Edition 1829))
William Howley becomes Archbishop of Canterbury
Arthur Wellesley, Duke of Wellington, becomes Prime Minister

London Zoo opens

1830
 
St. Mary, Plaistow, opened.
William IV becomes King

Charles, 2nd Earl Grey, becomes Prime Minister

Frenchmen, B. Thimonnier invents a sewing machine

1831
 
Population of Stratford is 6,686

Walter Hancock runs a regular service from Stratford to Whitechapel with his 'Infant' steam carriage. Grace's Guide - External Link -
Michael Faraday invents an electric dynamo

1832
Construction of St John's begins.
Cholera breaks out in London, claiming at least 3,000 victims.

The Reform Act 1832 gives the vote to propertied male adults and disenfranchises almost all of the rotten boroughs.

1833
John Keble's sermon launches The Oxford Movement.
Parliament passes the Factory Act. It regulates children's working hours and requires children under 13 to attend school.

St John's Church opened as a chapel of ease to All Saints, West Ham.


 
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